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Dynamic vs planar magnetic vs electrostatic headphones

Dynamic vs planar magnetic vs electrostatic headphones

dynamic vs planar magnetic vs electrostatic headphones
Being an audiophile in the world today is both good and bad – it is good because of the wide variety of headphones that are available on the market, but it is bad because the market has given the popularity of headphones in recent years Years have won, a market is somewhat saturated with models that are not the same in quality. If you want to buy new headphones, you should first understand the technology behind them.

This is how headphone drivers work

First things first: The most important thing you need to know is what a headphone driver is. The driver used in headphones has the greatest impact on your sound experience. There are three types of headphone drivers that are most commonly used. These are dynamic, planar magnetic and electrostatic drivers.

Headphones work based on the type of technology they use to produce their sound, which is also known as the transducer principle. The converter principle is basically the technology with which headphones receive the electrical signal from your media source, e.g. B. your audio player, into sound waves that then reach your ears.

A headphone driver, as the name suggests, drives this sound through your ear canal. It is a small speaker unit – an electromagnetic device that uses its respective transducer principle to convert electrical signals into sound. Headphones cannot work without a driver. The size of the drivers can vary, just like headphones. They are sometimes referred to as converters.

Let’s look at the distinguishing features of the individual driver types.

Dynamic drivers

These are the cheapest of the three types of drivers mentioned above and therefore the most commonly used. They are compact and light and often do not require an external power supply. They are good at creating harmonic distortions.

Electrostatic drivers

This is the rarest type of driver among the three we’re talking about. They have no moving parts, which means that they can mitigate almost any perceptible distortion in the sound. You can react to the most subtle changes in the audio to ensure accurate sound. Of course, these are quite expensive; You also need a special amplifier, and the headphones that you use are usually bulky and heavy.

Planar magnetic drivers

These are also more expensive than dynamic drivers. They produce less harmonic distortion and have a more accurate sound reproduction. The headphones that use them are heavier than those with dynamic drivers, but lighter than those with electrostatic drivers. You will also need an external power supply.

What you should know before buying new headphones

You know how drivers work now, but you probably have other questions now. For example, what are the advantages and disadvantages of planar magnetic or dynamic headphones or planar magnetic or electrostatic or electrostatic or dynamic headphones? Which driver gives you the best experience while staying within your budget?

We can solve these dilemmas by looking at what listening to music feels like to every driver.

Music through a dynamic driver

The sound quality is good with dynamic drivers because they can reproduce low-end frequencies quite well. The problem is that they can produce undesirable harmonic distortion at louder volumes and can also have inaccurate sound reproduction at these volumes. If the driver himself is too small, this can lead to strange distortions by the sound being reflected from your ear at strange angles.

Dynamic drivers are easier to operate than other types of drivers because they do not require an external source and are also affordable. To be honest, dynamic drivers are the worst of the three types of drivers discussed here. They’re fine, but there are better options if you’re willing to spend a little more.

Music through an electrostatic driver

Electrostatic drivers have no moving metal components like dynamic drivers, so they can produce an almost distortion-free sound. But there are limits to this world, and this accuracy is as difficult to manufacture on a large scale as is desired. Electrostatic drivers are expensive to manufacture and expensive to buy, which means that they are usually only sold to enthusiasts.

Music through a planar magnetic driver

In a planar magnetic driver, the vibrations are evenly distributed over a membrane, so that very little distortion occurs. These can reproduce a more neutral frequency response so that almost all aspects of the audio are reproduced more accurately than from a dynamic driver. The sound that reaches your ears will not bounce or reverberate in a strange way and will appear more realistic.

Planar magnetic drivers offer a good balance between the mediocrity of dynamic drivers and the elite and exclusivity of electrostatic drivers. All three drivers mentioned here have different headphone models from different companies that are available on the market.

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