Anyone who is currently scrolling through Instagram, Facebook and TikTok, or chatting or chatting with Muslim colleagues, will likely come across terms such as “Bayram” or “Eid Mubarak”. What does this mean and why do you wish for a “happy Eid Mubarak” today?
Update from July 29th, 2020:
Current occasion for greetings such as “Eid Mubarak” or “Happy Eid”: From Thursday, July 30, 2020 – Monday, August 3, 2020 it will be Islamic Festival of Sacrifice “Eid al-Adha” celebrated. It is one of the most important holidays in the Islamic world.
Eid Mubarak: meaning and origin
The Arabic term “Eid Mubarak” has its origin in Islam, a world religion to which around 1.8 billion people belong. “Eid Mubarak” is a common greeting both for the “Feast of Breaking Lent” after Ramadan, the “Eid al-Filtr”, and the “Sacrifice Festival” as part of the pilgrimage to Mecca, the “Eid al-Adha”.
“Eid Mubarak” corresponds to the holiday greeting in German “Blessed Feast”. “Eid” itself is the generic term for the “festival”.
Lenten Break Festival 2020: 23-24 May
- “Eid al-Filtr”, the “Feast of Breaking the Fast” is celebrated after the end of the Muslim month of fasting “Ramadan”. A uniform date in the Gregorian calendar cannot be determined; it is postponed every year. Reason: The Islamic festival year is based on the lunar calendar. The fasting month shifts by 11 days annually.
- In Turkey the holiday “Feast of breaking the fast” is also known as the “sugar festival”.
- The festival of breaking the fast runs for the first three days of the following month during Ramadan, which is known as the “show whale” (Schawwāl).
- The festival of breaking the fast traditionally includes visiting a mosque and the cemetery to commemorate deceased relatives. Quran verses and prayers are recited in both places.
- Friends and relatives are visited, similar to what is done in the Christian world around Christmas Day. If a visitor appears, they are also greeted with the words “Eid Mubarak”. Sweets are often given away and various dishes are brought to the table. The festival is celebrated in all Muslim countries.
Prominent example: In 2014, football player Lukas Podolski greeted his Muslim friends on Facebook.
Victim Festival 2020: July 30 – August 03
- The sacrificial festival is the The highlight of the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) and is celebrated by Muslims worldwide. The festival goes back to a story from the Koran: there the prophet Ibrahim was asked to kill his son Ishmael. Ibrahim was obedient and then experienced God’s mercy. Ismael was spared, instead Ibrahim sacrificed a ram. The festival of sacrifice is celebrated on the occasion of the rescue of Ishmael. A version of this story is also known in Christianity, here as the “sacrifice story of Isaac”. In Judaism one speaks of “Akedah”.
- For Muslims, the traditions of the sacrifice festival include the slaughter of a sacrificial animal according to religious rules. In Germany, this form of slaughter (shafts) is possible with a special permit. Another tradition is the donation of money for charitable purposes, such as for the victims of natural disasters.
- In addition to “Eid Mubarak” is now also in many places “Bayram mubarek” to hear what means “Happy Holidays!”. Are also common “Happy Eϊd” or “Bayramınız kutlu olsun” – this is Turkish and means “Happy Bayram”.
Do you know the meaning of the German holidays?
How well do you know the German holidays? Which federal state has most of them and why has there been a year with two days of German unity? Prove your knowledge in our quiz!
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