How China wants to catch up with the United States

In the trade war with the United States, China wants to develop its own technology to close gaps in the supply. The integration into the global supply chain and the lack of funding make this project difficult.

A deep divide separates the United States and China, and the Hong Kong independence crisis is likely to result in further American sanctions. As the South China Grain Post reports, a prominent Chinese semiconductor expert said that China’s deep integration into global technology supply chains would make it difficult for the country to develop all of the technology it needs from scratch and that it should make better use of it Funding is needed to fill the gap with the United States.

“We are integrated into the global technology system,” said Wei Shaojun, professor at Tsinghua University in the field of micro and nanoelectronics, on Friday at the World Artificial Intelligence Conference (WAIC) in Shanghai. The opportunities to start something new from scratch are slim. ”

China is trying to build more independence in core technologies such as semiconductors and artificial intelligence under increasing pressure from Washington. For reasons of national security and in the clash of the world’s two largest economies, the United States wants to withhold more and more technology of American origin on a number of issues such as trade and human rights.

Washington expanded its sanctions against in May Huaweiby requesting foreign chip makers using US technology to apply for a license to sell chips to the Chinese telecom champion. This significantly expanded Washington’s reach by including the world’s largest contract chip maker and major Huawei supplier, Taiwanese Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing (TSMC).

Wei said the U.S. had targeted Huawei to weaken China’s lead in 5G cellular technology, which has the ability to revolutionize industrial structures.

Wei said China should seek to better understand what it really needs and what it shouldn’t, and then focus on innovation rather than outdated alternatives. However, he also warned of a complete decoupling of the Chinese and the US economy. He pointed out that the US could not realign everything and that US suppliers of technology components would also be hit hard.

“If we [China] not knowing what we want there is likely to be total chaos, ”Wei emphasized, adding that in some cases the government has lost money by investing in companies that have falsely claimed to be foreign technology providers to foreign suppliers to offer. He didn’t name any companies.

The development of chip manufacturing technology takes years. Although SMIC is currently the most advanced chip manufacturer in China, its 14-nanometer capability is still significantly behind the world’s leading foundries such as TSMC, which manufactures 7-nm chips in large quantities and recently announced that its 3-nanometer Trial production process is planned for the first half of next year, with mass production expected in the second half of 2022.

Wei also said that China should keep an eye on the global market rather than just relying on independence in its own country. “We can only develop if we take a leading position in the global market.”

“The problem is that capital and technology development [in der Halbleiterindustrie] have never been in harmony with each other, ”said Wei. “We need stable funding from central government and local government that is not available on short notice or at intervals.”

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