Building your own PC may seem intimidating, but if you are a player, you know that this is the only way to get the specification you want.
Since you can control what gets into your PC, you can design your PC according to the games you play. Building your own PC is easier than you think. The best thing about it is that it’s also extremely rewarding. However, before you start building your own PC, there are a few things to consider.
At the end of this comprehensive, step-by-step guide, you will know everything about building your own gaming PC. Let’s start.
Before we move on to other areas of building your gaming battle station, you need to understand the hardware requirements for building a full PC.
Apart from screws, screwdrivers and other assembly tools, you have to invest in the following hardware parts:
- Processor (CPU)
- CPU cooler (if you don’t have one)
- Onboard storage (HDD and SSD if you have the budget)
- Graphics card (if not included in the CPU)
- power adapter
- Monitor, mouse, keyboard and other peripheral devices
- operating system
The above parts are critical to building a gaming PC. However, there are other optional accessories that will make your gaming computer even more fun. You can add these add-ons either at the time you create your PC or at a later time if you have budget constraints.
Let’s look at each piece of hardware individually to understand why you need it.
This square central unit acts as the spirit of your PC. It resides on the motherboard and does all the calculations and resource allocation tasks for your computer. After the GPU, a central unit is the most important hardware for building a gaming PC.
When choosing a central unit, there are three main components or factors.
- Clock rate: Measured in GHz, the clock rate refers to the processing speed of the CPU. This is one of the direct measures of processor performance.
- Cores: The higher the number of cores, the better the performance of the processor. A certain task is assigned to each core. Some applications can use multiple cores at the same time.
- Threads: This is a process used to correspond to the cores. However, the latest cores are hyperthreaded (more than one thread), so applications can use multiple cores at the same time.
The processors most commonly used today are Intel Core i5 and Intel Core i7. This link will tell you which one is more suitable for gaming PCs. Some of the best CPUs for gaming PCs are mentioned here.
This machine is also known as a heat sink and fan (HSF) and is located directly on the CPU to keep it cool and quiet. Since most game applications are intensive and require a lot of computing power, it is necessary to keep the CPU in optimal working conditions.
Usually CPUs are delivered with an integrated or pre-installed HSF. Therefore, you may not have to invest in one. However, if you choose a CPU without HSF, you should invest in one.
If you want to build a high-end gaming computer, you should replace the standard cooler with a more efficient and effective one. If you want to overclock your CPU (make your processor run faster), you need to add an external CPU.
The processor heats up and gets immensely loud without it. There are many low profile CPU coolers and high profile liquid coolers you can look into.
The motherboard ensures harmony between all components of your PC. If you call CPU the brain, the motherboard can be called the heart of the gaming computer.
Motherboards play an important role in the performance of your central processing unit. Whether you can overclock your CPU or not depends entirely on your motherboard. This hardware also affects the upgrade flexibility you may have in the future.
The first step in choosing a motherboard is to decide whether you want to overclock your CPU or not. As soon as this is no longer possible, the next step is to determine the size of the motherboard.
There is a lot of size, with ATX being the largest and ITX the smallest. The size of the motherboard has nothing to do with the performance of your PC processing. However, this affects the RAM capacity that you can add and the number of I / O ports that you have.
To make sure you find the best motherboard to build your gaming PC, invest in a motherboard from reputable companies. These companies include Gigabyte, ASUS, MSI, EVGA, etc.
Memory is another extremely important component that severely affects the performance of your gaming computer. The RAM capacity of your gaming PC indicates how much memory your applications need during operation.
In general, the higher the RAM, the faster your programs will run. At this point, however, your budget constraints will take effect. Currently, the highest available RAM capacity is 32 GB. If you want to build an affordable gaming PC for less than $ 1,000, you should check out 8GB or 16GB of RAM.
Since RAM is directly connected to the CPU, this also has an indirect effect on the performance of your CPU. Some factors to consider when choosing the best m
- Number of channels: A higher number of channels means a higher speed. It is recommended to choose two or four channels if possible.
- RAM type: There are two types of RAM on the current market, DDR4 and DDR3. Investing in DDR3 is not advisable as it is slower.
- Amount of RAM: This is the most important factor. The higher the amount, the faster your system will be. 8 GB of RAM offer you a balance between pricing and optimal efficiency. Most games currently do not require more than 8 GB of RAM.
The integrated memory of your game computer defines the number of games that you can save on your computer. The same hardware is responsible for storing your operating system and programs.
Like all other parts, there are different versions of the onboard storage. Two types that are most commonly used on board
- Hard Drive: This type of onboard storage is the most commonly used. It is budget friendly and works sensibly. If you want more quantity, choose HDD.
- SSD (Solid State Drive): SSDs are becoming increasingly popular due to their fast performance. They are more durable, but quite expensive.
Most people use a combination of both for optimal performance. The most common combination is 1 TB HDD and 256 GB SSD.
SSD is used to save the operating system and some favorite games as it has a higher response rate.
It is recommended to save multiplayer games in SSD storage and non-multiplayer games and media on the hard drive.
The star of any gaming computer is a graphics card. This hardware, which is also referred to as a graphics processing unit, takes over the entire graphics rendering. Without a decent graphics card, you won’t be able to view and run your games optimally.
Most players advise allocating a good part of your budget to the graphics card. However, this does not mean that you can neglect the CPU.
A CPU is responsible for tracking the player’s actions. The GPU, on the other hand, takes the information from the CPU and converts it into graphics.
Just as the CPU depends on RAM, the GPU depends on VRAM (Video RAM). The most basic VRAM on the market is GDDR5. Anything lower is rubbish. If you want something better, you can go to GDDR5X, GDDR6 or HBM.
GPUs have VRAM capacities of 2 GB, 4 GB or 6 GB. If you want basic 1080p performance, a 2GB VRAM will work just fine. It can be quite daunting to find a GPU that suits your needs. However, reading reviews from reputable technicians can be helpful.
You can find information about GPUs under this link.
The power supply is responsible for powering all parts of your computer. Newbies usually overlook the power adapter, which can damage the expensive parts of your PC.
Even if you want to build an affordable gaming PC, you shouldn’t opt for a cheap power supply. If your power supply fails, other expensive parts of your gaming computer can fall into the well.
Contrary to popular belief, a bad or cheap power supply is a big danger. When buying a power supply, make sure that you invest in a device from a reputable manufacturer. There are many no-name manufacturers who claim to offer the same services at a cheaper price. Rest assured, it’s a scam.
Performance is another factor that plays an important role in determining the best power supply for your gaming PC. Make sure you know the power requirements of your PC before you invest in a power supply.
Last but not least is the efficiency of a power supply. Invest in a power supply with an efficiency of at least 80%. Power supplies with higher efficiency do not consume additional electricity and do not heat up significantly.
All of the above units are the core components of building a gaming PC. When building a budget PC, it is recommended not to compromise on any of the core units.
Peripherals, on the other hand, can easily be affected. Without peripherals, however, your PC is hopeless hardware.
Without these devices, you will not be able to control your PC or enjoy the games you built the PC for. Peripherals can be referred to as input and output devices that are required to run the core units.
A monitor provides you with the output of everything that is running on your PC. You cannot enjoy your game without a good HD monitor.
As a rule of thumb, your monitor should match the structure of your PC. If you’ve invested $ 1,000 in your PC, don’t buy a 4K display.
The market is full of high-end, low-end and mid-range monitors, which differ in price, functions, sizes and resolutions.
Choosing the right monitor can be quite difficult. However, it’s best if you stick to reputable manufacturers and don’t overdo the features.
This input device is required for the handling of your computer. Most newbies believe that all mice are the same, which is not true.
The main differentiator is latency. The time the mouse sends a response to the computer makes a big difference for gamers.
The mouse makes a big difference in shooting games. For other games, however, you need a good keyboard with high latency. As with other peripheral devices, you can get mice in all price ranges.
Another key input device for gamers is the keyboard, especially for strategy and royale-based games.
If you don’t have a keyboard yet, it’s important to get one with high latency.
Top-class gaming keyboards are equipped with high-quality keys with extra programmable macro keys and sometimes cool LED backlighting. The backlight can be adjusted in most cases.
Speakers & microphones
Some players value music and sound effects, while others don’t think much about it. You can invest in high quality speakers to get the extra boost. As a rule, gamers like to invest in first-class gaming headphones.
Not only do they offer good quality audio, they also have built-in microphones for the multiplayer gaming experience. If you’re looking for good headphones, you can easily find high-quality ones for less than $ 200.
If you want to choose speakers, you’ll get plenty of monitors with built-in speakers, but most aren’t very good. You need to invest in external speakers for that extra swing.
e two main operating systems used by gamers are Windows and Ubuntu (Linux). Linux is mainly preferred by programmers, but since it is an open source operating system, many gamers also choose it.
Windows 10 may be too expensive for you, and earlier versions of Windows (7 and XP) don’t get most updates.
If you can afford it, Windows is the most powerful operating system for gamers. If you have a tight budget, you have no other option, but if you can afford it, choose Windows. Most games also support the Windows operating system.
The housing houses all core units and thanks to the many grills and fans ensures the necessary airflow. In addition, it gives your PC a chic and chic look from the outside. There are many aesthetic PC tower cases on the market. Some look soft and subtle, while others look bright and robust. Most players prefer the latter.
The choice of case largely depends on the size of the motherboard you choose. It is essential that the case has enough space for all of your core components. Make sure not to overfill the area in the case as this will only cause it to overheat.
If you plan to upgrade your PC, also get a slightly larger case so that you have enough space to add new components. The chassis should also have slots for the I / O ports you want to install on your PC.
If you choose a water cooling system for your processor, you should look at a larger case.
Most gaming PC cases on the market are made of tempered glass, so the user can keep an eye on all the components without having to disassemble the whole case.
Choose the right budget
Now that you know which core units to invest in, it’s time for you to set a budget. Your budget depends solely on your needs. The type of games you play, the monitor resolution you want, the processing power required for the games you play, etc.
As a rule, self-made gaming PCs can be divided into three main categories depending on the budget and the type of core units used.
These cost between $ 300 and $ 500. Entry-level gaming PCs are no more efficient than entertainment PCs built by manufacturers. They are subject to a number of restrictions and you have to stick to old, less demanding games.
There may also be occasional slowdowns and delays because you will not be able to reach 4 GB of RAM. In addition, you can’t expect much when it comes to peripherals. Most players prefer entertainment laptops rather than building cheap entry-level gaming PCs.
These PCs cost less than $ 1,000 but more than $ 500 and are the most commonly used.
They offer good resolution, adequate computing power and decent RAM. In terms of the balance between a good gaming experience and a reasonable price, self-made mid-range gaming PCs are just the thing.
These home-made PCs cost over $ 1,000 and use top-notch core units and deliver flawless performance.
High-end gaming PCs offer a refresh rate of more than 144 Hz and a resolution of more than 1,440 pixels. These PCs are primarily designed for / by pro developers, producers, game streamers, and artists who perform demanding non-gaming tasks, including high-end video editing, game development, or 3D rendering / animation. People who aren’t professional gamers don’t usually invest in high-end gaming PCs.
Aside from the types mentioned above, we also have premium gaming PCs that are over $ 2,000. However, they are extremely rare and are used by professionals who play games as a source of income.
The final step in creating your gaming PC is to plan your budget and assign a percentage to each core unit and peripherals. Most players say this is the most entertaining part of building a PC.
Even if it is recommended to allocate the budget sections according to your requirements and requirements. It is important that you focus on the two most important parts of the PC.
Make sure that you allocate at least 25% to 40% of the total budget to the GPU and 15% to 25% of the total budget to the CPU. The more efficient these two devices are, the longer your PC will last and the more effective and ergonomic its performance will be.
If your final budget is $ 1000, you should spend at least $ 250 to $ 400 on your GPU and $ 150 to $ 250 on your processor. The rest of $ 350 to $ 600 should include the motherboard, RAM, memory, chassis, operating system, and peripherals.
If you have the right knowledge, building a gaming PC isn’t as daunting as it seems. Just make sure you know what you’re doing.
Plan upgrades in advance as games keep evolving and may require more processing power and more RAM over time. and more memory. A gaming PC is not changed every year. Therefore, it is extremely important to have room for upgrades.
That being said, it is important to make sure that each device is compatible with the other. Each unit does not work individually, but all core units complement each other. Without proper compatibility, the devices may malfunction after some time.
There are many YouTube videos and step-by-step instructions for assembling your computer. You can refer to them or hand the parts over to a professional manufacturer for assembly. Assembly costs are fairly low and don’t burden your budget.