The Redmond giant has been working on a much lighter, simpler and simplified version of Windows 10 that revolves around Windows Core OS and from the idea of modularity.
It is a simpler concept than it seems. Windows 10 has a nucleus that would serve as a common denominator for any possible version of said operating system, and the rest of its elements are added, or removed, as simple layers that only determine the availability, or not, of specific functions and specific compatibilities.
What we knew as Windows Lite is a clear example of that idea of modularity. This operating system was shaping up to be a very light version that did without most of those layers or modules They are present in the standard version of Windows 10, and have allowed almost full compatibility with Win32 applications.
By removing those layers, those modules, functions and support are limited, and the possibilities of the operating system are reduced, but at the same time a simpler version of Windows 10 is built that can work without problems in much more modest hardware configurations.
Microsoft wants a light Windows 10 to stop Chrome OS
It is not the first time that we talk about this topic, but the approaches that Microsoft has been taking have changed over time. Windows Lite ended up being Windows 10X, an operating system that could compete from you to you with Chrome OS, but that in the end is giving too much trouble to the giant of Redmond.
We have a culprit to point the accusing finger at, Win32 applications. As our regular readers will know these applications they were going to work virtualized in their own container in Windows 10X, an interesting proposal that generated a lot of interest for everything that it could represent both in terms of security and performance, but that in the end has become a real problem for Microsoft.
From Windows Latest they tell us that the Redmond company needs more time to finish polishing that feature, and that due to the performance issues posed by running Win32 applications on Windows 10X have decided to postpone this feature and launch the operating system as a lightweight and web-centric Windows 10.
Calm down, I explain what this idea consists of. Windows 10X, a name that is not definitive and that could change, would come as a very light operating system and no local compatibility with Win32 applications, but the user could access these through cloud computing, and for this we would need access to the Internet. Hence the association of this approach with the concept of Cloud PC (“Cloud PC”) or web-centric PC.
When a user needs to run specific applications, such as the Office suite, for example, they will run virtualized through the cloud, and the same will happen with other important Win32 applications. In effect, this means that Microsoft’s servers will be the ones to run the applications, and these will reach Windows 10X-based devices thanks to cloud computing.
A minimalist and fully optimized Windows 10
Microsoft has set its sights on inexpensive devices, and is aware that, to hit the target, you need to shape a Windows 10 with very low consumption of resources, a simplified and totally tactile interface and a value that, as a whole, achieves a good balance in terms of functionality, performance, security, ease of use and autonomy.
All this means that we could find a Windows 10X quite away from classic Windows 10, and It would only be compatible, in its first stage, with those Win32 applications in the cloud and with the UWP and PWA applications downloaded from the Microsoft store. Has anyone said Windows 10 S? Yes, it is inspired, in part, by said operating system.
If everything goes according to plan the first RTM version of this lightweight and web-centric Windows 10 would arrive in December 2020, and local Win32 application support (virtualized in containers) might not go as far 2022.
It is a complicated move, but the truth is that it seems necessary. All those changes could make Windows 10 for low-cost computers fly even on very modest hardware, and the sacrifices that it implies will not prevent the development of interesting devices for a wide variety of sectors, such as educational and professional (office automation and basic tasks).