The processor is the fundamental component in the smartphone experience, and is that the evolution of this chip improves the performance of the system, applications, games and even photography.
How is it possible that there are better processors every year? The evolution of these chips is very complex to explain, since it does not consist of a black box in which a manufacturer puts money and a chip comes out faster and with more gigahertz. It is much more complex and today we are talking about one of the most important advances.
The manufacturing process, essential in mobile processors
Every year new processors appear, and although the evolution of these depends on many factors, there are two that are fundamental. On the one hand we have the internal architecture, complex designs that with ingenuity manage to get a better performance and on the other hand we have the manufacturing process.
The manufacturing process indicates the level of miniaturization of the internal components. Here the question is simple, and it is that the smaller the energy consumption of the transistors that make up the chips is less, so they can reach higher speeds.
Today the most cutting-edge process is 7 nanometers, an imperceptible size for the human eye, but the technology goes further. While the size is expected to shrink to 5 nanometers from this year to the next, the manufacturer TSMC has announced a new milestone, reaching the 2-nanometer manufacturing process.
This process will not come immediately, as they must first achieve mass manufacturing. The processor manufacturer has indicated that they expect to be able to manufacture these processors by 2023.
Relative to current processors, a 2 nanometer process would allow a chip there were almost 8 times as many transistors out of the millions that are currently in place, which will pose new challenges for chip designers.